Ca Tru was formed to be a type of music which had its own feature and style in the 15th century. In each area and the performing place, Ca Tru is called A Dao singing, court gate singing, Co Dau singing, Nha To singing or Ca Cong singing.
Ca Tru originated from folk music along with some folk games and dances. Thus, Ca Tru is a general art with a unique trait which is a tactful and smooth combination of poem and music, and sometimes even dance.
Ca tru performance in Thang Long Theater
Appeared inceptively, in the early 11th century, Ca Tru became popular throughout the country from the 15th century. However, until late 20th century, Ca Tru was famous worldwide by the voice of the artist Quach Thi Ho (1909-2001). After that, Ca Tru was learned, studied and introduced by many musicians to famous university around the world. Through ups and downs of the development along with the historical events, nowadays, Ca Tru reachs the high level of beauty and plays an integral role in not only Vietnam but also all over the world.
Ca Tru now appears in 14 provinces of Northern area including Hanoi, Bac Ninh, Hai Duong, Hai Phong, Hung Yen, Nam Dinh, Thai Binh, Phu Tho and Vinh Phuc; Central area including Thanh Hoa, Nghe An, Ha Tinh and Quang Binh; and Ho Chi Minh City in Southern area.
Ca tru instrument
Besides, there are some places in Northern delta having Ca Tru altar such as Ca Cong court in Lo Khe village (Lien Ha Ward, Dong Anh District, Hanoi), To Co Dau temple in Co Dam (Nghi Xuan District, Ha Tinh province); and Ca Tru temple in Phuong Cach village (Phuong Cach Ward, Quoc Oai District, Hanoi).
Typical Ca Tru Clubs
- Thang Long Ca Tru club performs this art from 8p.m to 9p.m on Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday night every week at 87 Ma May, Hoan Kiem district with some repertories such as Non Nuoc, Sending letter, 36 tunes, singing lullaby…
- Price: 200.000d per ticket per performance for native people, 10$ per ticket per performance for foreigners. Retired people and students are free to enter.
- Tel: 01223266897
Thang Long Ca tru Club
- Hanoi Ca Tru club is open from 8p.m to 9p.m on Wednesday, Friday and Sunday night weekly at 42 Hang Bac, Hoan Kiem district.
- Price: 200.000d per ticket per performance for both natives and foreigners, 50.000d for students
- Tel: 0974020400.
Why is A Dao called Ca Tru?
In the book Ca Tru Bi Khao, it was said that at the door of the temple had The singing which was called Tru. People remunerated A Dao by bamboo sticks marked with letters in place of money. When singing A Dao, people divided themselves into 2 parts sitting on 2 sides, one side drummed the gongs and the others played the drum. If A Dao sang beautifully, the gongs and drum player would knock once and give a Tru. In the morning, the singer received the amount of money based on the number of Tru. For instance, the singer had 50 Tru and each one was 2 zinc coins, so that she was given 100 coins. Therefore, A Dao singing is called Ca Tru, which means stick singing.
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